Makoto Onodera, Yoshihiro Inoue, Yasuhiro Takikawa, Shigeatsu Endo
Background/Purpose. In Japan, acute liver failure (ALF) has generally been described using the diagnostic term, fulminant hepatitis, because of the fact that most cases of ALF has been thought to occur in association with hepatitis mainly due to a hepatitis virus infection. New diagnostic criteria for ALF, including ALF other than fulminant hepatitis, were established in 2011. We therefore examined the prognostic factors of patients with liver failure from a systemic cause, including warfarin users. Material and methods. Sixty-six patients with ALF that were diagnosed according to the Japanese diagnostic criteria for ALF between 2009 and 2013 were divided into a survivor group and a non-survivor group. The data regarding demography, liver tests, coagulation tests, Sequential Organ Failure Assessment (SOFA) scores, and the use of oral warfarin or aspirin were compared between the two groups. Results. The SOFA score was significantly higher in the non-survivor group (p = 0.025). The proportion of oral warfarin users was significantly higher in the survivor group (p = 0.013) (58.1% vs. 26.1%). A multivariate logistic regression analysis showed the SOFA score (odds ratio: 0.851, 95% confidence interval (CI): 0.728-0.995, p = 0.043) and warfarin use (odds ratio: 3.261, 95% CI: 1.028-10.347, p = 0.045) to be significant factors that were negatively and positively associated with the prognosis, respectively. Conclusion. In this study, among the patients with ALF other than fulminant hepatitis, those with a high SOFA score on admission exhibited a poor prognosis. In addition, oral warfarin use prior to disease onset was found to be a factor which indicated a good prognosis.
Key words. Diagnostic criteria for acute liver failure, Disseminated intravascular coagulation (DIC), Prognostic factors, Sequential Organ Failure Assessment (SOFA) score.