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TCR Vβ Usage of Peripheral Blood and Liver Infiltrating Lymphocytes in Patients with Chronic Hepatitis B

Jianwei Zhou, Cui Kong, Bo Ban, Haixin Dong, Chengqiang Jin

Abstract

Introduction. Chronic hepatitis B (CHB) is still a public health problem and its mechanism remains unclear. In this study, we detect the skewness of T cell receptor beta chain variable gene (TCR Vβ) in peripheral blood lymphocytes (PBL) and the liver infiltrating lymphocytes (LIL) of patients with CHB; and hope to provide information for further research on the pathogenic mechanism of CHB. Material and methods. Material and methods. Material and methods. Fifteen patients with CHB, ten healthy volunteers and three patients with liver cysts were recruited as the subjects. The usage of TCR Vβ of PBL and LIL were measured and compared; the associations of the TCR Vβ usage of PBL with some hematological indices, including human leukocyte antigen (HLA) alleles, percents of CD4+ and CD8+ T cells, sera levels of HBV-DNA and IFN-γ, were analyzed. Results. Results. In Results. PBL, Vβ12 and Vβ13.1 were the highest predominant usage genes which usage frequencies were all 46.7%; Vβ23 was the key limited usage gene (40.0%). In LIL, the mainly predominant and limited usage gene was Vβ13.1 (73.3%) and Vβ23 (46.7%), respectively. About half of the patients with CHB with HLA-DR9 or HLA-DR12 showed the predominant usage of Vβ5.2 or Vβ13.2. In patients with CHB, the percentage of CD4+ T cells was 33.41 ± 5.39 %, that of CD8+ T cells was 28.67 ± 6.77 %; the concentration of IFN-γ was 182.52 ± 44.16 pg/mL. Compared to the healthy controls, there were significant differences for these data (P < 0.05). Neither ALT nor HBV-DNA was relative to the usage of TCR Vβ. Conclusions. clusions. PBL and LIL share the common sknewness of TCR Vβ genes which probably relates to some hematological indices. However, the roles of such similarities and associations in the development of CHB need further study.

Key words. Complementarity determining region 3., Human leukocyte antigen., Liver infiltrating lymphocyte., Peripheral blood lymphocyte., T cell receptor.

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The Official Journal of the Mexican Association of Hepatology, the Latin-American Association for the Study of the Liver and the Canadian Association for the Study of the Liver

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