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An Overview of Liver Transplant Pathology: Data from a Tertiary Referral Centre in Western India

Fiona Fonseca, Bijal Kulkarni, Meenal Hastak, Vinay Kumaran, Vibha Varma, Sorabh Kapoor


Introduction and aim. 1. Study of liver explants - Etiologic types of end-stage chronic liver disease (ESCLD) and acute liver failure (ALF) in adults and children. 2. Assessment of donor steatosis and incidental granulomas. 3. Post-transplant liver biopsies. Material and methods. Specimens of 180 explant hepatectomies, 173 donor wedge and 30 core liver biopsies, and 58 post transplant liver biopsies received in our department from April 2013 to March 2017. Results. 1. Most common causes of ESCLD in adults were: alcohol related (30.32%), hepatitis virus related (18.71%) and non-alcoholic steatohepatitis related (18.06%); and in children ≤ 12 years were: biliary atresia (27.27%), autoimmune disease (18.18%) and Wilson's disease (18.18%). Most common causes of ALF in adults and children were anti-tubercular therapy induced and idiopathic, respectively. 2. Prevalence rate of moderate steatosis (between 30-60%) was 4.28%. Incidental granulomas were seen in 5 cases. 3. Most common diagnoses of post-transplant biopsies in adults included acute cellular rejection (ACR) (36.17%), recurrence of viral disease (8.51%) and moderate non-specific portal triaditis (8.51%). Among children ≤ 12 years, most common diagnoses included unremarkable liver parenchyma, ACR and ischemia/reperfusion injury. Conclusion. 1. Alcohol- and hepatitis- virus related ESCLD, and biliary atresia are leading indications for liver transplantation in adults and children, respectively. 2. Prevalence of 4.28% of moderate steatosis, is much lower than that documented in western literature. Only 5 cases of incidental granulomas is unexpectedly low in a country endemic for tuberculosis. 3. Most common diagnoses of post-transplant liver biopsies in adults has been acute rejection, which is similar to the findings from much larger published series.

Key words. Explant livers., Donor steatosis., Post-transplant liver biopsies.

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The Official Journal of the Mexican Association of Hepatology, the Latin-American Association for the Study of the Liver and the Canadian Association for the Study of the Liver

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