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Extracellular Matrix Proteins Substantiate IL-28B T allele Effect on Histological Outcome of Chronic Hepatitis C

Abdelfattah M. Attallah, Dalia Omran, Mohamed M. Omran, Mohamed A. Abdelrazek, Rania Zayed, Riham El Essawey, Sameh Saif, Azza Farid, Mohamed Hassany, Ayman Yosry, Ashraf Omar

Abstract

Introduction and aim. The correlation between interleukin-28B (IL-28B) polymorphisms and chronic hepatitis C (CHC) progression is debatable. Here, we aimed to evaluate the relation between IL-28B C/T genotypes and the development of cirrhotic liver. Extracellular matrix (ECM) proteins, FibroScan and model for end-stage liver disease (MELD) were used to substantiate the severity of liver disease. Material and methods. IL-28B rs12979860, liver stiffness and ECM proteins were assessed in 272 CHC patients. Results. Cirrhosis percentage increased to 10%, 52% and 96% with the increasing number of T alleles (CC, CT and TT, respectively). Also, elevated ECM proteins levels were correlated with the increasing number of T alleles. Interestingly, among cirrhotic patients, liver stiffness, MELD and ECM proteins were significantly (P < 0.0001) higher in patients with TT more than CT genotype. FibroScan, hyaluronic acid, Laminin, Collagen IV and the N-terminal pro-peptide of collagen type III have high accuracy to differentiate liver status in CC from TT genotype. Area under receiver-operating characteristic curve (95% CI) were 1.0 (1.0-1.0), 0.97 (0.96- 1.0), 0.93 (0.85-1.0), 0.98 (0.97-1.0) and 0.93 (0.91-0.97), respectively. Conclusion. This study suggests that IL-28B T allele affects the natural course of CHC type 4 and also suggests that carriage of the IL-28B C allele protects from unfavorable clinical outcomes in CHC as coexistence of C allele with T allele reduced cirrhosis severity.

Key words. Interleukin-28B, Polymorphisms, Chronic hepatitis C, Fibrosis severity, Cirrhosis

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The Official Journal of the Mexican Association of Hepatology, the Latin-American Association for the Study of the Liver and the Canadian Association for the Study of the Liver

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