Hong-Shan Li, Hao Ying, Zhe-Yun He
Introduction and aim. Salidroside and curcumin (SC) formula could alleviate lipid deposition in high fat diet-induced nonalcoholic fatty liver disease (NAFLD). However, the mechanisms are still unknown, and the magnitude of potential therapeutic benefit remains understudied. Material and methods. The rats were treated with high fat diet for 14 weeks to induce NAFLD. The experiment was divided into control, model (NAFLD), SC formula and rosiglitazone groups (n = 7 in each group). Hematoxylin-eosin (H&E) staining was applied to detect liver morphological changes. Biochemical, metabolic indices and inflammation factors in liver tissue and serum were detected. Additionally, the activities of related enzymes were detected by enzyme-linked immunosorbent assay. Results. In the established rat model, typical lipid deposition and liver steatosis were observed. Liver triglyceride, free fatty acids, sera alanine aminotransferase, aspartate aminotransferase, gamma-glutamyl transferase, fasting insulin, fasting blood glucose and homeostasis model assessment of insulin resistance were elevated in model group. Liver malondialdehyde was significantly elevated, while superoxide dismutase was significantly decreased in model group, compared with control. Moreover, tumor necrosis factor-α and Interleukin-1 were significantly produced in model group, compared with control. As a mechanism, high fat diet decreased tissue AMP-activated protein kinase (AMPK), phosphorylated AMPK, carnitine palmitoyltransferase 1 and increased inacetyl-CoA carboxylase (ACCase), phosphorylated ACCase. Importantly, these abnormal changes caused by high fat diet were reduced by SC formula administration. Conclusion. SC formula could ameliorate the injury caused by high fat diet. The effect was likely mediated via its influence on insulin resistance, lipid peroxidation injury and AMPK signaling pathway.
Key words. SC formula, Nonalcoholic fatty liver disease, Insulin resistance, Lipid peroxidation injury, AMPK signaling pathway