Sandeep Goyal, Shekhar Jadaun, Saurabh Kedia, Subrat Kumar-Acharya, Sharat Varma, Baibaswata Nayak, Bhaskar Thakur, Shalimar .
Introduction and aim. Patients with acute on chronic liver failure (ACLF) have abnormal conventional coagulation tests- platelet count and international normalized ratio (INR). Thromboelastography (TEG) is a rapid, point-of-care assay, more comprehensive than platelet count and INR as it assesses for platelet adequacy (number and function), coagulation factors and clot retraction. The aim of the study was to evaluate the TEG parameters in patients with ACLF, chronic liver disease having acute decompensation (AD) and healthy subjects (HC). Material and methods. TEG parameters were assessed in patients with ACLF and AD within 24 h of admission. Consecutive patients were included in the study over 12 months. Healthy subjects were recruited as controls. Results. 179 patients were included- 68 ACLF, 53 AD and 58 HC. The mean values of INR in ACLF, AD and HC groups were 2.9 ± 1.4, 1.6 ± 0.4 and 1.1 ± 0.2; P < 0.001. Among TEG parameters - maximum amplitude (MA) was low in ACLF and AD patients as compared with HC (53.8 ± 15, 58.3 ± 13.9 mm and 67.2 ± 12.1 mm, respectively; P < 0.001). Lysis at 30 min (LY30) was high in ACLF patients, as compared to AD and HC (8.6 ± 14.1%, 5.0 ± 9.5% and 4.9 ± 9.8%, respectively; P = 0.060). There were no differences in r time, k time, and alpha angle between groups; normal in >90% patients. There was no difference in TEG parameters between different ACLF grades, whereas CCTs were more deranged with increasing grades of ACLF. Conclusion. Despite abnormal conventional coagulation tests, TEG parameters in ACLF patients are essentially normal, except reduced maximum amplitude. Future studies are needed to explore the utility of TEG in clinical management of ACLF patients.
Key words. Acute decompensation, Cirrhosis, Liver failure, Hemostasis, Conventional coagulation parameters