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Immune Reconstitution Syndrome with Initiation of Treatment of HBV/HIV Co-infection: Activity Flare associated with E antigen Seroconversion

Michael W. Rowley, Amitkumar Patel, Wendi Zhou, Mark Wong, Anil B. Seetharam

Abstract

Immune reconstitution syndrome is a recognized complication with initiation of highly active antiretroviral therapy for acquired immune deficiency syndrome patients co-infected with hepatitis B. Hepatitis B flares are seen in 20%-25% of patients after initiation of highly active antiretroviral therapy, an estimated 1%-5% of whom develop clinical hepatitis. We present a case of highly active antiretroviral therapy initiation for HIV that led to a flare of HBV activity despite antiviral therapy directed towards both. Liver biopsy and longitudinal serologic evaluation lend support to the hypothesis that the flare in activity was representative of IRIS. Importantly, we document eAg/eAb seroconversion with the IRIS phenomenon.

Key words. Acquired Immune Deficiency Syndrome, AIDS, Hepatitis B, Human Immunodeficiency Virus

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The Official Journal of the Mexican Association of Hepatology, the Latin-American Association for the Study of the Liver and the Canadian Association for the Study of the Liver

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