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Rhombencephalitis by Listeria monocytogenes in a cirrhotic patient: a case report and literature review

Raúl Carrillo-Esper, Luis Daniel Carrillo-Cordova, Isis Espinoza de los Monteros-Estrada, Agustín Omar Rosales-Gutiérrez, Misael Uribe, Nahum Méndez-Sánchez

Abstract

We report a case of rhombencephalitis infection by Listeria monocytogenes in a 66-year-old man with cirrhosis. The CSF analysis indicated L. monocytogenes as the most likely pathogen. Blood and CSF culture were positive to L. monocytogenes and MRI findings were suggestive of rhomboencephalitis. The treatment was started empirically and then modified when the culture results were available. The patient had a full clinical recovery without neurologic sequelae. Clinicians should remember that L. monocytogenes most often presents as acute bacterial meningitis, particularly in the elderly, the immunosuppressed, and those with malignancies. L. monocytogenes CNS the infections may present as acute bacterial meningitis, meningoencephalitis, or acute encephalitis.

Key words. Rhomboencephalitis, Listeria monocytogenes

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The Official Journal of the Mexican Association of Hepatology, the Latin-American Association for the Study of the Liver and the Canadian Association for the Study of the Liver

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